Lung cancer treatment
The treatment of lung cancer depends on several factors:
- The stage in which the disease is found.
- The type of tumor (Small cell lung carcinoma, Non-small cell lung carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma, Non-squamous carcinoma)
- The individual characteristics of each patient, such as their age, other pathologies (especially associated with smoking, heart disease, respiratory problems), nutritional status, etc.
For the treatment of lung cancer, there are four therapeutic measures: surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy (against a molecular target of the tumor). Surgery and radiotherapy are considered local therapies, while chemotherapy and targeted therapy are considered systemic since drugs are distributed throughout the body through the bloodstream. Generally, the treatment of lung cancer requires a combination of several of these therapeutic measures.
Alberg AJ, Samet JM. Epidemiology of lung cancer. Chest 2003; 123: 21S-49S.
Beckles MA, Spiro SG, Colice GL, Rudd RM. Initial evaluation of the patient with lung cancer: symptoms, signs, laboratory tests, and paraneoplastic syndromes. Chest 2003; 123: 97S-104S.
Schreiber G, McCrory DC. Performance characteristics of different modalities for diagnosis of suspected lung cancer: summary of published evidence. Chest 2003; 123: 115S-128S.
Silvestri GA, Tanoue LT, Margolis ML, Barker J, Detterbeck F; American College of Chest Physicians. The noninvasive staging of non-small cell lung cancer: the guidelines. Chest 2003; 123: 147S-156S.
Silvestri GA, Littenberg B, Colice GL. The clinical evaluation for detecting metastatic lung cancer. A meta-analysis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1995; 152: 225-30.