Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of neurological disorders that affect a person’s movement, posture, and muscle coordination. It is the most common motor disability in childhood, with an estimated prevalence of 2 to 3 per 1,000 live births worldwide.
Cerebral palsy is a lifelong condition, but with early intervention and appropriate care, individuals with CP can lead fulfilling lives. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options available for cerebral palsy.
Causes of Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy is caused by damage or abnormalities in the developing brain, usually before or during birth, although it can also occur in early childhood. Several factors can contribute to the development of CP, including prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal causes.
Prenatal causes may include infections, genetic disorders, or maternal health problems. Perinatal causes can result from complications during labor and delivery, such as oxygen deprivation or traumatic brain injury. Postnatal causes may involve infections or head injuries sustained after birth.