Gastritis is a medical condition in which there is inflammation of the stomach mucous lining, characterized by abdominal pain, dyspepsia commonly referred to as indigestion, nausea, and more often than not, bloating.
Gastritis can occur suddenly or last for a short duration, hence referred to as acute gastritis, and when it slowly progresses, it is otherwise called chronic gastritis. With the use of medication and lifestyle dietary changes, patients with gastritis feel better.
The human stomach just like every other visceral organ has a mucous layer lining it and this layer does the job of thorough protection against the gastric acid being secreted by the stomach. Any condition that will lead to the destruction of the mucous layer, will manifest as inflammation leading to gastritis.
Helicobacter pylori, a bacteria type, has been implicated as the commonest pathogenic cause of gastritis in humans (1).