What is Sepsis Infection? 10 Sepsis Shock Symptoms!

Diagnostic Studies

Diagnostic studies

The suspicion of septic shock depends on identifying the signs and symptoms. Early recognition is essential to reduce the mortality rate and monitor the patient’s cardiovascular health from the start. The workup of these patients should include blood pressure and heart function monitoring and pulse oximetry to make sure that cardiovascular health is not in danger.

Patients with very bad conditions may require an intensive care unit and constant monitoring with invasive measures.

The studies performed on these patients include:

  • A complete blood count is useful to detect sepsis. It should have a differential white blood cell count to ensure that it is a bacterial or viral infection. These patients’ white blood cell level is usually close to 15,000/µL. In a complete blood count, hemoglobin is also essential to ensure that the blood carries oxygen normally. Platelets are particularly important to monitor disseminated intravascular coagulation, which can result from septic shock.
  • Coagulation studies, include prothrombin and activated partial thromboplastin time. In some cases, fibrinogen levels are also helpful to determine the type of coagulopathy.
  • Blood chemistry, including pH and serum electrolytes. These patients usually have alkalosis or acidosis and require correction. Glucose control is also essential, especially in diabetic patients, because it increases during infections. Serum lactate may also help doctors determine tissue perfusion. Other studies are helpful to detect organ failure, including hepatic function studies and the renal panel.

Written by Greg M. Wilcox

With a background in medical research, I'm dedicated to unraveling the complexities of health and nutrition in a way that's easy to understand and implement. From debunking myths to sharing science-backed insights, my goal is to guide you on a journey towards optimal well-being.