Navigating the Peaks and Valleys: Understanding Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic-depressive illness, is a complex mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings. These mood fluctuations can range from episodes of high energy, elevated mood, and impulsivity (mania or hypomania) to episodes of deep sadness or hopelessness (depression). In this article, we will explore the various aspects of bipolar disorder, including its symptoms, types, causes, and available treatment options.
Understanding the Spectrum:
Bipolar disorder is often described as a spectrum, encompassing various manifestations of mood episodes. There are three main types of bipolar disorder:
1. Bipolar I Disorder:
- Individuals with Bipolar I experience manic episodes that last for at least seven days or are severe enough to require immediate hospitalization. Depressive episodes typically accompany these manic episodes.