Liver Failure (Hepatic Failure) Causes, Symptoms & Complications

How your doctor will treat and manage a case of liver failure?

Liver failure is a condition that requires urgent medical care. It is an irreversible condition (the final stage of any liver disease), but the early management slows its progression and reduces the complications.

Treatment of liver failure depends on the underlying cause and if it is acute or chronic.

Treatment of acute (sudden) liver failure include the following:

  • Medications as laxatives or enema to wash intestines from toxins
  • Antidote for drug toxicity, such as acetylcysteine which is an antidote for acetaminophen
  • You may need a blood transfusion if you bleed.
  • Intravenous fluids
  • The doctor may recommend you liver transplantation if your case is a severe or poor prognosis.

Treatment of chronic liver failure include the following:

  • Avoid alcohols or medications that harm your liver.
  • Eat less food containing red meat, cheese, and eggs.
  • Restriction of salt in food.
  • Control metabolic risk factors as high blood pressure and diabetes.
  • Treatment of the cause as virus infections: if possible.
  • Treatment of ascites.
  • Treatment of hepatic encephalopathy: hospitalization, a diet with potassium excess, and antibiotics to prevent the action of intestinal bacteria on proteins.
  • Liver transplantation is the end-stage.