There are several findings seen in patients infected with this parasite, these include;
- Presence of rashes– Some individuals find many different spots and patches of red skin on their body, this is due to the body hinting that something is bothering the immune system.
- Pain on the right side of the abdomen– This pain is due to the infestation of the Ascaris larvae residing inside the liver as it travels through the portal vein and into the liver.
- Cough and shortness of breath– Individuals experience problems in breathing along with extreme bouts of cough due to the damage the larvae of Ascaris do to the alveolar membrane. This decreases the functioning of the respiratory system with decreased absorption of oxygen in the blood.
- Increased levels of eosinophils and IgE levels– The normal response by the body in the presence of any parasite is to increase the number of eosinophils, which works to decrease the parasitic damage inside the body. The levels of IgE rise due to the allergens released by the parasite on its own, causing an allergic reaction to occur between the foreign cells and the antibodies of the body.
- Bowel obstruction– When the larva grows in size and becomes the habitat of the small intestine, it has the potential to block the normal flow of food through them. The blockage can result in constipation and extreme pain. It is very important to treat this condition, otherwise, the intestinal walls can get damaged.
- Formation of liver abscess– An abscess inside the liver can also occur as the larvae of Ascaris live inside the liver, causing inflammation and damaging the cells of the liver.
- Acute cholecystitis– The larvae can also travel all the way to the gallbladder through the common bile duct and cause inflammation. Inflammation of the walls of the gallbladder results in nausea, vomiting, and extreme pain close to the site of the liver.