The common factors that may put a person at an increased risk for dysentery include low standard of hygiene and sanitation, drinking contaminated water with either Shigella bacteria or Entamoeba histolytica, eating contaminated food prepared by someone who has dysentery, and did not wash their hands properly before preparing it, swimming in water contaminated with either causative agents of dysentery in swimming pools, rivers or lakes, etc., physical contact with a person who has dysentery or general poor hand washing habits of people infected with dysentery.
Children are at a higher risk of getting by infected with Dysentery; however people of any age can be infected. Caregivers are more likely to get infected with the disease from an already infected person. People traveling to countries with poor sanitation facilities are at a higher risk of Amoebic dysentery infection. Other common risk factors include communal living, inadequate disposal of feces and a compromised immune system, etc.